The vertical nylon fibers of the flocked nasopharyngeal swabs can improve sample collection rates and aid in the elution of the specimen into the t...View details
Although the sample swab resembles a cotton swab, it is not one.
Difference between a sampling swab and a cotton bud?
Nylon fiber, polyurethane sponge, or rayon are common materials similar to toothbrushes.
Electrostatic interaction is used to uniformly and vertically cover the end of the swab handle with millions of microscopic fibers.
Elution is simpler and has a higher release rate since the sample obtained by the flocking swab remains on top of the fiber bundle and does not disperse or trap in the fiber. It does not impair the follow-up testing and has no adverse effects on pathogens, contact cells, or tissues.
“Sterile” and “Non-Sterile”?
China medical device evaluation experts said
Sterile: refers to the condition of having no living microorganisms, the medical device bearing the classification “sterile” has completed disinfection, and the theoretical likelihood of any surviving microbes should not be more than ten to the minus 6th power. Usually registered as Class Ⅱ Medical Device in China.
Should “non-sterilized” swabs be disinfected before use?
It is not recommended to use a disinfectant to sanitize the swab head because this could degrade the sample and compromise the validity of the test results.
If accuracy requirements for sampling and detection exist, sterile swabs are highly recommended.
Why do some sample swabs yellowish and what causes them?
Swabs are individually wrapped, loaded, and delivered to other communities, where they are unpacked, disinfection, and distributed.
The disinfection route is the prime suspect among the other components since it has the potential to oxidize the swab and result in discoloration.
Verified by 11 different disinfectants, the results are as follows:
“＋“: Slight discoloration, “++”: Serious discoloration, “-“: Normal appearance
|1||Sodium trichloroisocyanurate *1 Tablet: 500ml Water||＋＋|
|2||Alkyl diethyl benzyl ammoniun chloride: Bisdecylhydrogen bromide = 1:10||＋|
|4||Benzalkonium bronide 3g/L||＋|
|5||Hydrogen peroxide 3%||＋|
|6||Sodium hypochlorite 0.5g/L||＋＋|
|8||Chloroxylenol:Water = 1:30||–|
|9||Potassium permanganate tablets*1 Tablet: 50ml Water||＋＋|
|11||Chlorine dioxide effervescent*1 Tablet: 100ml Water||＋＋|
The sample swab contains some easily oxidized components, such as polyols, isocyanates, and urethanes.
Due to the properties of its substance, it can oxidize under bright light and high temperatures, or it can turn yellow due to gas fumigation when exposed to nitrogen oxides (NOx) in the air.
Nylon fiber generally has a stronger antioxidant capacity than polyurethane sponge swabs.
Swabs unavoidably encounter this phenomenon, hence it is advised to store at 20 to 30 °C avoid light to prevent yellowing.
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